Here you will find our favourite sites and information on Nubian goats, hatching eggs, raising heritage chickens, Indian Runner ducks and African geese.

Disclaimer: Theses sites are here for personal viewing and information, but we are not responsible for their content or functionality. 

PERMACULTURE (“permanent agriculture”)
Permaculture: You’ve Heard of It, But What the Heck Is It?

The Permaculture Principles using David Holmgren’s 12 principal version. which are used to help guide every Permaculture design. This presentation is by Andrew Millison and is part of Oregon State University’s Permaculture Design Certificate Course.  There are many more videos on permaculture design by Andrew Millision online at OSU.

In the early 90s, Mark and Jen Shepard bought a degraded corn farm in Viola, Wisconsin, and began to slowly convert it from row-crops back to a native oak savanna that would become one of the most productive perennial farms in the country. Man Buys Degraded Corn Farm, Plants 250,000 Trees, Turns It Into 0ne Of The Most Productive Perennial Farms In The Country… – Eco Snippets

Geoff Lawton is a world-renowned Permaculture consultant, designer and teacher. He first took his Permaculture Design Certificate (PDC) Course in 1983 with Bill Mollison the founder of Permaculture.  Inspiring people to care for each other and the earth through permaculture design, education, and demonstration. (20+) Discover Permaculture with Geoff Lawton | Facebook

Permaculture Design for Slope    Permaculture Design by Sectors (respond to change) 

Stefan Sobkowiak is an educator, biologist and Master of Landscape Architecture. Miracle Farms – Stefan Sobkowiak – Permaculture Apprentice

THE KEY to YOUR Permaculture Orchard or Fruit Planting is….. “JUST START” by Stefan Sobkowiak


Canadian National Goat Federation: New ID and Traceability Project for 2018

Canadian Goat Society:

Anglo Nubian Goat Society (how to measure and weigh stock etc.)

International Nubian Breeders Association:

American Poultry Association:

Marans of America Club:

Ameraucana Breeders Club:

Vernon Pigeon and Poultry Club:

Poultry Show Abbreviations: (information, record keeping, shows, dates and locations)

“HEN POWER PROJECT” It encourages the elderly to become involved in the day-to-day raising, care, feeding, eggs, etc. of hens.

GOAT SITES: Recommended readings before purchasing a goat. 

Here is the webpage from the CLRC /Canadian Goat Society for registration information, tattoos, tests and contacts for goat owners:
The nutrient requirements of goats are determined by age, sex, breed, production system (dairy or
meat), body size, climate and physiological stage.
When some people get started with goats, they may overlook a very important aspect of their care by failing to provide free-choice, loose goat minerals.

Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency in Goats – Grit | Rural American Know-How
Please understand that proper goat nutrition is extremely complex. The addition of free choice goat minerals is just the beginning! 

Supplemental Feed for Your Goats – dummies
Goats need supplemental minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients in addition to those they get in their hay, grain, and browse. Vitamins and minerals are essential to keeping goats healthy, making sure they’re growing well, and assisting in reproduction and the development of skin and bone.

  • Black oil sunflower seeds (BOSS): Black oil sunflower seeds contain vitamin E, zinc, iron, and selenium and also add fiber and fat to the diet. BOSS make the goats’ coats shinier and increase the butterfat in their milk. Mix the seeds into your goats’ grain; they eat them shell and all.

  • Kelp meal: Kelp meal is a good source of iodine, selenium, and other minerals. Used as a supplement, it helps protect goats from iodine deficiency. Kelp also improves dairy goats’ production, increasing milk volume and butterfat and helping decrease mastitis.

  • Baking soda: Many goat owners offer their goats free-choice baking soda, which aids digestion by keeping the rumen pH-balanced. If one of your goats has a digestive problem, offer baking soda.

Keeping Flocks Healthy-Sheep and Goats

Goat Health and Biosecurity

Best Management Practices to Control Internal Parasites in Small Ruminates

Benefits of Raising Goats: (The Spruce)

Goat minerals: why, what, and how:

Beginner’s Guide to Raising Goats:

Goat Keeper Magazine:

Goddard Farm in the USA – Herd Management (includes lots of info on treating parasites, housing, feeding, kidding, showing and cheese making etc. for Nubian Goats):

Fias Co Farm – Breeding Does/Goat Health and Husbandry:

Goat Link (goat information, care, meds, etc.)

Removing goat kid horns (disbudding): Make disbudding less painful for everyone – Ontario Goat

Goat World (INTERACTIVE PREGNANCY CALCULATOR, kidding info, care, etc.)
Interactive Goat Pregnancy Calculator – Articles – GOATWORLD.COM

Gestation Calculator

How to Tell When Your Goat Will Kid

Livestock Winter Hay Needs – Hay Calculator

Goat Milk: The Most Complete Food Known/Diary Goat Journal (

Bramble Berry® Soap Making Supplies

The Livestock Feed That Grows Even During Droughts: (Off the Grid News)
Goats are champion brush-eaters, and they naturally prefer browsing to grazing.
“Do not feed branches from stone fruit trees (peach, plum, cherry, apricot nectarine), yew, poison sumac, mountain laurel, or any type of laurel or rhododendron.”

Goat Biology Videos: including parasites, reproduction, lactation and digestion

 A chicken and a rooster with all their body parts explained.


Poultry Pedia (Poultry breeds, weights and chicken care):

Henderson’s Handy Dandy Chicken Chart:


Brooding Temperatures for Small Poultry Flocks

Busting 7 Myths About Medicated Chick Starters
(Wild Acres uses medicated chick starter)

Coccidia + Coccidiosis | Natural Prevention and Treatment for Chicks and Chickens

The Chicken Chick: Baby Chick Basics. What You Need to Know to Get Started

The Chicken Chick: Feeding Chickens at Different Ages

The Chicken Chick: 5 Common Problems in Chicks with Solutions

How To Integrate New Chickens into Your Flock (and juvenile birds)

Feeding Whole Grains to Chickens-Maine Organic Farmers

Basic Feeding Programs for Small Chicken Flocks: Manitoba Agriculture
(Organic, grains, egg size, brooding, pastured poultry etc.)

A high energy chicken treat your flock will love: Poultry Protein Platter.  We like to feed suet to our hens in the winter. This it a good recipe for making your own homemade suet.

Mixing up grains, legumes, and seeds for my homemade chicken feed Garden Betty’s Homemade Whole Grain Chicken Feed

Backyard Poultry Magazine 10 Tips for Fermenting Chicken Feed

Heritage Chicken Breeds Are Disappearing and Here’s Why They Are Worth Saving

20 Reasons Your Chickens Aren’t Laying Eggs: Lisa Steele’s (
(same list but discussed by Justin Rhodes)

Why Have My Chickens Stopped Laying Eggs?

It’s a mystery you CAN solve: Which Hens are Laying Eggs:

How to Stop Chickens from Eating Their Own Eggs

7 Reasons to Hang Chicken Nesting Box Curtains – Backyard Poultry

How to Get Dark Orange Yolks from Your Backyard Chickens – Garden Betty

Dropping Boards, because Poop Happens (Chicken Chick)

Summer Nutritional Requirements ( A healthy bird will typically have a higher relative proportion of beneficial bacteria in the gut. However, in times of stress, this balance can shift……

Top 10 Tips for Keeping Chickens in Winter (The Spruce)

Cold Weather Chickens – 8 things to NOT to do in the winter (My Pet Chicken Blog)

7 Surefire Tips and Tricks for Keeping Your Chickens Healthy Through Winter – Garden Betty

How to Make a Chicken Apron or Hen Saddle:
-to protect a favourite hen from the overzealous rooster and or a chicken or turkey that is molting or getting picked on.

Image result for hen apron pattern

Molting Hens – Everything you need to know


The Benefits of Black Oil Sunflower Seeds | Beginning Farmers

Poultry Probiotics Can Help Keep Your Flock Healthy
… like sauerkraut, apple cider vinegar, cheese, sour cream and, famously, yogurt

Cut Your Chickens Feed Bill by Fermenting

Homemade Suet: A Warming Winter Chicken Treat

The Benefits of Garlic, Cayenne and Apple Cider Vinegar for Your Flock

Chicken Heat Stress, Dehydration and Homemade Electrolyte Solution
In summary, during high heat conditions, baking soda facilitates calcium absorption while vinegar inhibits it.  SKIP the vinegar in the heat, opting for an electrolyte solution instead. Temperatures between 55-75F (12.77-23.88C) are optimal, anything higher starts to cause stress to their bodies.

An unlikely alternative to antibiotics: cayenne, sage, and cinnamon (The New Food Economy)

Apple Cider Vinegar and Diatomaceous Earth Benefits

Holistic Hen – Organic Poultry:

Preparedness Mama: Creating a Chicken Habitat, Fermenting Feed, Growing Fodder etc.

    North Country Farmer

One of the most attractive things about the Siberian Pea shrub is its potential as a source for chicken feed. The seeds of this plant are 36% protein and contain 12% fatty oils.

38 Plants To Grow For Chicken Feed

Herbs for Hens (see also pasture mixes for poultry in links to same article)

Chicken Powered Permaculture Design for Permaculture Gardens, Farming and Food Forests

12 Chicken-Friendly Plants to Grow Next to Coops and the Ones to Avoid:

-includes lists of plants

8 Top Vines to Grow on Your Chicken Coop

Herbs for Chicken Nesting Boxes

Using Chicken Manure Fertilizer in Your Garden

Raising Backyard Chickens:

Raising Backyard Chickens: The Chicken from a Holistic Perspective


Answers to Ten Common Questions about Chicken Health

Watch Out for Roost Mites: (and other Practical Poultry Tips from Robert Plamondon)

Watch Out for Roost Mites

Battling Chicken Mites with Bags of Brimstone

Worm, Mite, & Lice All in One Treatment for Chickens & Quail Ivermectin (video on how to apply Ivermectin to your chicken

To get rid of lice, mites and most internal worms use Noromectin. Get the oil based one and place a few drops on bare skin of the chicken such as under the wing, below the vent area, on the back or neck. Works for approx. 3-5 months. Do not eat eggs for a week or more. A good time is during the winter molt. Use with an eye dropper or small syringe.

How to Treat Frostbite in Chickens:

Scaly Leg Mites in Chickens and Treatments: (The Chicken Chick)

Bumble Foot Repair videos- part 1 & 2 (Vivienne Morgan- Facebook)

Worming Chickens and Other Poultry: (ie geese & pheasants) Poultry

Chicken Diseases: Prevention and Diagnosis (Raising Chickens-a Guide to Everything Chicken)

Chicken Diseases You Need to Know About

Medications, Vaccines, Diagnostic Disease Chart (


Image result for ameraucana willow colourRelated image

Extensive Helpful Diagrams, poultry parts, charts, and lots of reading on breeding

Ongoing Selection of Breeding Stock- Law of Ten (American Livestock Breeds Conservancy)

GMS11: Breeding for Type (Scratch Cradle/Genetics Mini-Series)

Ongoing Selection of Breeding Stock (The Livestock Conservancy)

Principals of Selective Inbreeding by W.A. Watmough

Watch “Genetics of colour and pattern in chickens” on YouTube

Hobby Poultry: The Barred Gene

4-H Comparative Judging

Punnett Squares help us determine the probability of inheriting a specific trait. #punnettsquare #genetics

Punnett Squares help us determine the probability of inheriting a specific trait. #punnettsquare #genetics:


Historical: Feeding for Eggs 1909 – Dryden, James; Oregon Agricultural College.

EC1441 Revised 1932 Practical Poultry Equipment J.H. Claybaugh

EC1421 Revised 1938 Judging Six Common Varieties of Chickens H. E. Alder

Book: Practical Poultry Raising (Peace Corps, 1981, 225 p.)

Book: Breeding Poultry Records: Lippincott, William Adams 1882-1931

History through the eyes of a chicken (TED-Ed)


Feeding Ducklings

Dave Holderread is the author of several books. Holderread Waterfowl Farm & Preservation Center at They have enjoyed raising and studying domestic geese and ducks continuously since 1961.  How to Raise Ducks in Your Backyard – Backyard Poultry (


Chapter 14. GOOSE DISEASES (Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE CONTROL AND PREVENTION OF DISEASE

Treating Angel Wing: (DVM)

Celebrating the Goose: Raising Geese (Hobby Farms)

Duck Eggs vs Chicken Eggs

A Guide to Common Duck Diseases (Domestic Duck Breeds Don’t Get Sick Often)


Chicken Chick: information on fertile and developing eggs with lots of colourful detailed photos

Hatching Shipped Eggs by Elizabeth White via Cheryl Shires

How to Hatch Chicken Eggs- Learn How to Take Care of Baby Chicks Before They’ve Hatched

Incubating chicken eggs: your questions answered.

The Importance of Humidity and Candling your Eggs: (

Chicken Embryo Development (

Hatching Chicks and Ducklings

A chick with spraddle leg and a chick with bandaged legs.

How to Spot Problems of Newly Hatched Chicks Chicken Health for Dummies

Egg Color Chart – Find Out What Egg Color Your Breed Lays (Backyard Chickens)

How an Egg is Made